#16 Those who hold this theory profess to find in it the demonstration of some of the attributes of God. The worlds of the universe being infinitely numerous, God is thus seen to be infinite; vacuum, or nothingness, being nowhere, God is everywhere: God being everywhere, since everything is an integral part of God, He is thus seen to be intelligent cause of all the phenomena of the universe. What can we oppose to this argument ?
“The dictates of reason. Reflect on the assumption in question, and you will have no difficulty in detecting absurdity.”
Ok so let’s detect the absurdity in the question.
First, we should fully understand the question, or should we say, the argument. Argument which stipulates that God is everywhere because He is nowhere, that God is everyone and everything because he is the First Cause. According to this theory, the creator is the creatures, and the creator is nothing.
Firstly, God, the Creator, the Universe, call It the way you want, is not nothing, It is the First Cause and so, the Superior Intelligence. This can’t be nothing. Then, we saw in the previous question, the #15, that the creature is not the creator, just like the children are not the parents even though children are made from parts of the parents.
There are then two absurdities in this question: the Universe is not “nothing” nor nowhere; the Universe is not everything and everyone.
Here is the comment of the author:
The Pantheistic theory makes of God a material being, who, though endowed with a supreme intelligence, would only be on a larger scale what we are on a smaller one. But, as matter is incessantly undergoing transformation, God, if this theory were true, would have no stability. He would be subject to all the vicissitudes, and even to all the needs, of humanity He would lack one of the essential attributes of the Divinity -viz., unchangeableness. The properties of matter cannot be attributed to God without degrading our idea of the Divinity and all the subtleties of sophistry fail to solve the problem of His essential nature We do not know what God is but we know that it is impossible that He should not be and the theory just stated is in contradiction with His most essential attributes. It confounds the Creator with the creation precisely as though we should consider an ingenious’ machine to be an integral portion of the mechanic-an who invented it.
The Intelligence of God is revealed in His works, as is that of a painter in his picture but the works of God are no more God Himself than the picture is the artist who conceived and painted it.
The author emphasis on the fact that God is not His creatures, “the properties of matter cannot be attributed to God” since the matter is far from being perfect and flawless. One of the work of the Universe is this matter which has been created for us to improve spiritually, it is then normal than this matter is not perfect and flawless since we are not neither. It is then absurd to think that God is this matter.