Chapter I – God


Sub-chapter: God and Infinity

#1 What is God ?

#2 What is to be understood by infinity ?

#3 Can it be said that God is infinity ?


Sub-chapter: Proofs of the existence of God

#4 What proof have we of the existence of God ?

#5 What is to be inferred from the intuition of the existence of God which may be said to be the common property of the human mind ?

#6 May not our seemingly intuitive sense of the existence of God be the result of education and of acquired ideas ?

#7 Is the first cause of the formation of things to be found in the essential properties of matter ?

#8 What is to be thought of the opinion that attributes the first formation of things to a fortuitous combination of matter, in other words, to chance ?

#9 What proof have we that the first cause of all things is a Supreme Intelligence, superior to all other intelligences ?


Sub-chapter: Attributes of the Divinity

#10 Can man comprehend the essential nature of God ?

#11 Will man ever become able to comprehend the mystery of the Divinity ?

#12 If we cannot comprehend the essential nature of God, can we have an idea of some of His perfection ?

#13 When we say that God is eternal, infinite, unchangeable, immaterial, unique, all-powerful, sovereignty just and good, have we not a complete idea of His attributes


Sub-chapter: Pantheism

#14 Is God a being distinct from the universe, or is He, according to the opinion of some, the result of all the forces and intelligences of the universe

#15 What is to be thought of the opinion according to which all natural bodies, all the beings, all the globes of the universe are parts of the Divinity, and constitute in their totality the Divinity itself; in other words the Pantheistic theory ?

#16 Those who hold this theory profess to find in it the demonstration of some of the attributes of God. The worlds of the universe being infinitely numerous, God is thus seen to be infinite; vacuum, or nothingness, being nowhere, God is everywhere: God being everywhere, since everything is an integral part of God, He is thus seen to be intelligent cause of all the phenomena of the universe. What can we oppose to this argument ?

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